by Russ Lowthian, HaveFunBiking.com
Unless you are entering the annual Cuyuna Woodtick Races, these bloodthirsty wood ticks are annoying and could be hazardous to your health. If you are biking or hiking on trails through the woods or in tall grass, beware as you have fun! These little critters, especially if they are deer ticks can be nasty. Like the wood tick, the deer tick also lurks in any natural wilderness setting. However, they are small as a freckle, have tiny black legs and may be loaded with disease-causing pathogens or Lyme Disease.
There is a remote possibility that you could get a deer or wood tick in a city park or on a paved bicycle trail, but the probability is very low. Especially on trails with the grass mowed along the edges. Generally, these blood-sucking critters are only a problem if you are off biking or walking through tall grass and brush. Ticks tend to crawl up on vegetation, tall grass and wood and wait to grab onto a passing animal or human.
Once attached to people or pets, deer ticks can be hard to find. Plus their numbers are on the rise, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and are carrying harmful pathogens. Thanks to the CDC’s website there are several things everyone should know about ticks to stay disease-free.
Preventing Tick Bites on People
Before You Go Outdoors
- Know where to expect ticks. Ticks live in grassy, brushy, or wooded areas or even on animals. Spending time outside walking your dog, biking, camping, or hiking could bring you in close contact with ticks. Many people get ticks in their own yard or neighborhood, in rain gardens and natural areas
- Treat clothing and gear with products containing 0.5% permethrin. Permethrin can be used to treat boots, clothing and camping gear and remain protective through several cleanings
- Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (OLE), para-menthane-diol (PMD), or 2-undecanone. EPA’s helpful search tool can help you find the product that best suits your needs. Always follow product instructions
- Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months old
- Do not use products containing OLE or PMD on children under 3 years old
- Avoid contact with ticks, especially in wooded or brushy areas with high grass and leaf litter
- Ride and walk in the center of the off-road trail.
After You Come Indoors
- Check your clothing and gear for ticks. Ticks may be carried into the house or your car on clothing or gear. Any ticks that are found should be removed. At home, tumble dry clothes in a dryer on high heat for 10 minutes to kill ticks on dry clothing after you come indoors. If the clothes are damp, additional time may be needed. If the clothes require washing first, hot water is recommended. Cold and medium temperature water will not kill ticks
- Examine gear and pets. Ticks can ride into the home on clothing and pets, then attach to a person later, so carefully examine pets, coats, hydration saddle packs
- Shower soon after being outdoors. Showering within two hours of coming indoors has been shown to reduce your risk of getting Lyme disease and may be effective in reducing the risk of other tickborne diseases. Showering may help wash off unattached ticks and it is a good opportunity to do a tick check
- Check your body for ticks after being outdoors. Conduct a full body check upon return from potentially tick-infested areas, including your own backyard. Use a hand-held or full-length mirror to view all parts of your body. If you are comfortable, another set of eyes to check is a good idea. Check these parts of your body and your child’s body for ticks:
- Under the arms
- In and around the ears
- Inside belly button
- Back of the knees
- In and around the hair
- Between the legs
- Around the waist
Now that you are more aware and knowledgeable of the prevention of being bit by these vampire-sucking parasites plan your #NextBikeAdventure and have some fun!